Passover Seder Booklet

Introduction

Passover (Pesach), found in the book of Exodus, commemorates the story of how God delivered His people out of slavery (bondage) from the Egyptians.  The Seder is a ritual performed that involves a retelling of the Passover (Pesach) story.  The Seder itself is based on the Biblical verse commanding Jews to retell the story of the Exodus from EgyptExodus 13:8 And thou shalt shew thy son in that day, saying This is done because of that which the LORD did unto me when I came forth out of Egypt.

The Seder Service will include reading scripture from the Bible, Blessing the Children, Lighting of the Candles, retelling the Passover (Pesach) story, partaking of four cups of juice which represent each of the four promises that God made in Exodus 6:6-7, asking and answering The Four Questions, the hiding and finding of the Afikomen, partaking of symbolic foods placed on the Passover Seder Plate, and partaking in The Lord’s Supper.

As the Passover (Pesach) story reveals, a lamb was to be brought into the house of the Israelites and sacrificed four days later. More importantly, the lamb had to be without spot or blemish.  The lamb had to be perfect in every way and it was referred to as the “Lamb of God”.  Jesus (Yeshua) was the lamb without spot or blemish, who was sacrificed for “ALL” of us.  The blood of the lamb was to be applied onto the doorpost and the lintel of the door in order for the death angel to pass over the dwelling of the Israelites. It was said, that the striking of the blood on the doorpost represents the Hebrew letter Chet ”ח” This letter represents the number eight in Hebrew, which means “New Beginnings”. Hence, it was a time of deliverance, where God, with His outstretched arm, destroyed the god’s of Egypt and set His people free from their bondage. 

It was a great time for the Israelites to experience freedom as God escorted them out of Egypt and thru the Red Sea.  As a result, it is a great time for us as well. When we receive Jesus (Yeshua) into our lives, we are set free from our own bondages.  Not only are we set free, salvation is our “New Beginning”.  As we go through the Passover Seder, I want you to place yourself in your Egypt and remember how God delivered “YOU” out of bondage to give you a new beginning.  Remember your testimony is unique to you, as we celebrate this time of Passover (Pesach). 

 

So, as the Lord commanded us to observe the Passover each year, let us begin.

 

      • Exodus 12:1 Now the LORD said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt,
      • Exodus 12:2 “This month shall be the beginning of months for you; it is to be the first month of the year to you.
      • Exodus 12:3 “Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying, ‘On the tenth of this month they are each one to take a lamb for themselves, according to their fathers’ households, a lamb for each household.
      • Exodus 12:4 ‘Now if the household is too small for a lamb, then he and his neighbor nearest to his house are to take one according to the number of persons in them; according to what each man should eat, you are to divide the lamb.
      • Exodus 12:5 ‘Your lamb shall be an unblemished male a year old; you may take it from the sheep or from the goats.
      • Exodus 12:6 ‘You shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month, then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel is to kill it at twilight.
      • Exodus 12:7 ‘Moreover, they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses in which they eat it.
      • Exodus 12:8 ‘They shall eat the flesh that same night, roasted with fire, and they shall eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.
      • Exodus 12:9 ‘Do not eat any of it raw or boiled at all with water, but rather roasted with fire, both its head and its legs along with its entrails.
      • Exodus 12:10 ‘And you shall not leave any of it over until morning, but whatever is left of it until morning, you shall burn with fire.
      • Exodus 12:11 ‘Now you shall eat it in this manner: with your loins girded, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it in haste – it is the LORD’s Passover.
      • Exodus 12:12 ‘For I will go through the land of Egypt on that night and will strike down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments – I am the LORD.
      • Exodus 12:13 ‘The blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you live; and when I see the blood I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.
      • Exodus 12:14 ‘Now this day will be a memorial to you, and you shall celebrate it as a feast to the LORD; throughout your generations you are to celebrate it as a permanent ordinance.

 

Passover

Christ

Exodus 12:1-2

The feast marked a new year and new beginning for the Israelites.

When we receive Christ as our Lord and Savior we become a new creation.

(2 Corinthians 5:17)

Exodus 12:5

A male lamb without blemish (the best) of the first year was to be taken into the home for four days.  After four days it was to be sacrificed.

Christ was the firstborn of our father in Heaven without blemish (sinless and perfect).

Pilate inspected Jesus and found no fault.

Herod inspected Jesus and found no fault.

Exodus 12:7

Whoever believed and applied the blood to the door was saved from the death angel.

Whoever believes in Christ will be saved from the death angel and their name will be written in the Lambs Book of Life.

Those who believe will live eternally in Heaven.

Exodus 12:14

God instructed, that we are to keep the Passover forever.

Christ instructed us during the last supper, in the Upper Room, that we are to partake of communion forever in remembrance of Him.

Exodus 12:46

God commanded that no bones would be broken of the Passover Lamb.

Because of the events taking place and the time of day (Shabbat) of the crucifixion, the Roman soldiers did not break any of Christ’s bones, which is part of the ritual of the Roman crucifixion.

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Passover Seder Plate

 

 

 

 

The Passover Seder plate is a special plate containing symbolic foods used during the Passover Seder. Each of the six items arranged on the plate has special significance to the retelling of the story of the Exodus from Egypt. The seventh symbolic item used during the meal—a stack of three Matzah—is placed on its own plate on the Seder table.

 

Also included on the table is a salt water bowl.  The salt water bowl represents the sweat and tears of the Jewish people throughout their slavery (bondage). In addition, it can represent the splitting of the Red Sea.  We use salt water to dip the Karpas (parsley) at the beginning of the Seder.

 

 

 

The Lighting of the Candles

 

LEADER: Instruction: The lady at the table should light the candles

The woman gave birth to Jesus (Yeshua), which is the light of the world. As such, it is only fitting for the woman to light the candles in order to bring light to the Seder table.

 

WOMEN:

Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the Universe, who has sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us to kindle the light of the holy holiday.

 

LEADER:

The “Seder” meal, means “order”, which is a sequential recount of God’s deliverance from slavery to freedom. God instructed us that the Passover is one of the Moedim (appointed time).  As we see in scripture, this is a time ordained by God to come together to celebrate our deliverance each and every year.  Moreover, it is required that we pass down this historical event to our children in order to keep the commandments of the Lord alive from generation to generation, forevermore.

 

The Passover story is the deliverance of Israel from the captivity of the Egyptians.  It is a story of the overwhelming bondage, which was placed on the Israelites. It is a type and shadow of our bondage and how the Lamb of God, Jesus (Yeshua) by the shedding of His blood at Calvary, delivered us (set us free) from the death angel (from eternity in hell). Jesus (Yeshua) is our Passover Lamb.  When we receive Jesus (Yeshua) into our lives, the blood of Christ redeems us, we become a new creation in Him.

 

READER #1 Instruction: Leader at the table holds up the parsley (Karpas)

The parsley (Karpas) is a green herb, which was used in many applications throughout the bible.  It served many purposes such as cleaning agent in the home, yarn, and for medicinal purposes. Karpas represents increase; the people of Israel increased greatly in strength and filled the land.  In addition, it represents the hyssop, which was used to spread the blood upon the doorpost.  As they spread the blood upon the doorpost it represented a cleansing, which our Lord and Savior, Jesus (Yeshua) did for us on the cross.

 

READER #2 Instruction: Leader at the table holds up the Matzah

We have three pieces of Matzah, which symbolize the unleavened bread that our forefathers ate during the exodus from Egypt.  The Matzah had to be unleavened because of their hasty departure as there was insufficient time for the dough to rise.  Therefore, it is required of us not to eat any bread during this time containing leaven (sin).

 

READER #1 Instruction: Leader at table holds up the lamb shank bone (Zero’a)

The roasted lamb shank bone (Zero’a) symbolizes the Passover Lamb.  The sacrificial blood of the lamb protected the firstborn from death. The blood on the doorpost ensured the safety of the firstborn child as the death angel passed over.

 

John the Baptist tells us, as Jesus (Yeshua) was approaching, “Behold the Lamb of God, that takes away the sin of the world”.  It is the perfect Lamb of God, Jesus (Yeshua) that wipes away our sins by the shedding of His blood.

 

      • Mathew 26:28 for this is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for forgiveness of sins.

 

READER #2 Instruction: Leader at the table holds up the boiled egg (Beitzah)

The boiled egg (Beitzah) represents the roasted lamb, which was slaughtered during the season of Passover (Pesach).  The lamb had to be sacrificed according to Kashrut (Jewish religious dietary laws). Jesus (Yeshua) gave His life freely as a sacrifice for whomever will believe in Him.  This act of love provided atonement for “ALL” sins.  We are forgiven!

READER #1 Instruction: at the table holds up the horseradish (Maror)

The horseradish (Maror) symbolizes the bitterness and harshness of the slavery the Jewish people endured.  It also reminds us of our bitter slavery to sin (the bondage we have to the world) and the bitter cup that our Messiah drank to secure our freedom in Him.

 

READER #2 Instruction: Leader at the table holds up the Charoset

The apple, nut and juice mixture (Charoset) symbolizes the color of the mortar, which was used by the Israelites to make bricks during their slavery in Egypt.  It represents the hardships they endured during their slavery (toil and labor).  It also represents the toil and labor that Jesus (Yeshua) took on the cross in our stead, to redeem us out of our slavery. Matthew 27:46 About the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?” that is, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?” Remember, Jesus (Yeshua) had to take on our sins, which caused a separation from His Father in Heaven.

 

LEADER:

During the Passover Seder we will partake of four cups of juice.  Each cup represents one of the four promises that God made in Exodus 6:6-7.

 

      • The first is the Cup of Sanctification, which is signified by the promise, “I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.”
      • The second cup is the Cup of Deliverance, which is signified by the promise, “I will deliver you from their bondage.”
      • The third cup is the Cup of Redemption, which is signified by the promise, “I will also redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments.”
      • The fourth cup is the Cup of Restoration, which is signified by the promise, “I will take you for My people, and I will be your God.” When we trust in Jesus (Yeshua) we become heirs and He becomes our God.

 

READER #1

      • Exodus 6:6 “Say, therefore, to the sons of Israel, ‘I am the LORD, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will deliver you from their bondage.  I will also redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments.

 

      • Exodus 6:7 ‘Then I will take you for My people, and I will be your God, and you shall know that I am the LORD your God, who brought you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.

 

The Kiddush (first cup)

 

LEADER:

Kiddush means “sanctification” or “set apart”.  As we learn of God’s redemption in Jesus (Messiah Yeshua), this first cup reminds us that we are a holy people and set apart to bring glory to God in our lifestyle.

 

 

 

Instruction: All stand and raise the cup with an extended right arm

 

The extended right hand is a symbol of the Messiah, reminding us that God calls Him “The Son at My Right Hand”.  The cup also represents Jesus (Yeshua) as Savior.  The Hebrew name “Yeshua” means “salvation”.  Psalms 116:13 I shall lift up the cup of salvation and call upon the name of the LORD. The word of God says as we exalt the Lord, He will exalt us (paraphrased by author).  In addition, Jesus (Yeshua) says that He will not deny us to the Father as long as we do not deny Him to men (paraphrased by author).  All of the festivals (Moedim’s- appointed times), specifically Passover, are a reflection of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ (Yeshua HaMashiach).

 

Instruction: Do not drink at this time

 

LEADER:

Baruch Atah Adonai Elohenu Melech Ha-Ohlahm, Bo-Ray Pre Ha-Gah-Fen

 

ALL:

Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the Universe, who created the fruit of the vine.

Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the Universe, creator of “ALL” that lives on the earth and sea. 

Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the Universe, for giving us, everything that brings forth seed that we may partake.

Blessed are You, Lord our God, who made us holy with His commandments, which guides and directs us in all of Your favor.

Blessed are You, Lord our God, who chose us from among all manner of people to purchase us with a price that we might be adopted into Your Kingdom.

Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the Universe, for giving us Sabbaths for rest and festivals for rejoicing. 

Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the Universe, for giving us Passover in remembrance of “Our” deliverance from “OUR” Egypt (bondage).

Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the Universe, for giving us redemption through the Blood of Jesus (Yeshua).  

 

Instruction: All sit down, lean to the left and drink grape juice after the Kiddush is recited

 

 

Blessing the Children

 

It is a customary for parents to bless their children during this time by placing a hand on the head of each child and reciting the following blessings:

 

            For Sons: May God make you like Ephraim and Manasseh

            For Daughters: May God make you like Sarah, Rebecca, Rachel and Leah

 

 

Urchatz

 

LEADER:

Urchatz means “washing” and is a symbolic act of purification.  The temple priests would wash their hands and feet before offering sacrifices or entering the Holy of Holies.  Similarly, we also symbolically purify ourselves as Priest of God according to the Order of Melchizedek (refer to Hebrews 7 in your Bible).  Remember, Jesus (Yeshua) laid aside his outer garments to wash the feet of His disciples.  Additionally, Peter did not want Jesus (Yeshua) to wash his feet and Jesus (Yeshua) response was “If I do not wash you, you have no share with me.” 

 

Instruction: All pour a small amount of water over their hands to wash

 

Karpas

 

Instruction: All take the parsley (Karpas) and dip it in the salt water

 

LEADER:

Dipping the parsley (Karpas) in the salt water symbolizes how God brought the multitude (Israelites and foreigners) out of the bondage of the Egyptians, safely across the Red Sea and gave them a new beginning.  The crossing of the Red Sea symbolizes our baptism and spiritual rebirth as a holy people unto God.  Karpas also represents the hyssop, which was used to apply the blood of the Passover Lamb to the doorpost.  As a reminder, we partake of the Karpas (parsley) dipped in the salt water to remember the sweat and tears of the Jewish people during the time of slavery, as well as the tears of our own slavery to sin and the world before Jesus (Yeshua) redeemed us.

 

Baruch Atah Adonai, Elohenu Melech Ha-Ohlahm, Bo-Ray Pre Ha-Adamah.

Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the Universe, who created the fruit of the earth.

 

Instruction: All partake

 

Yachatz

 

LEADER:

There have been many debates regarding what the three pieces of Matzah represent. Many say that the three pieces of Matzah are said to represent Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.  Many say it is the representation of the Triune or Trinity.  Specifically, the number three represents Resurrection, Divine Completeness and Perfection.  What we do know is that the middle of something in Hebrew is considered the “HEART”.  We know that Jesus was broken and placed in the middle between the two thieves at Calvary.

 

In the Yachatz or breaking, we remove the middle piece of Matzah and break it in two.  We then take one half of the Matzah, wrap it in a cloth and hide it.

 

Instruction: Leader at the table breaks the middle Matzah, wraps the larger piece in cloth (Jesus is bigger than us), and hides it while the youngest child covers his/her eyes.

 

This hidden portion is called the Afikomen, which means “dessert”. We remember that Jesus (Yeshua) was broken for us at Passover, and hiding the Matzah is a picture of His burial.  The Afikomen is the matzah that Jesus (Yeshua) broke during the Last Supper saying, “This is my body that is broken for you”.

 

READER #1

      • John 3:16 “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life.

 

READER #2

      • 2Corinthians 5:21 He made him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.

 

Matzah is a picture of the body of Jesus (Yeshua).  Matzah has no leaven, which represents sin, and Jesus (Yeshua) “knew no sin”. Furthermore, Matzah has both stripes and dark splotches over its surface from the baking process.  These represent the stripes Jesus (Yeshua) bore for our healing, and the bruises that He suffered for our iniquities.  Additionally, the Matzah is pierced so that it will not curl up (lay flat) during the baking process.  The piercing of the Matzah represents the piercing that Jesus (Yeshua) experienced on the cross instead of the breaking of His legs. The Matzah is a symbol of the body of Jesus (Yeshua) when it was said “wounded for our transgressions”, “bruised for our iniquities”, and that “by His stripes we are healed”.

 

As with many of the other symbols in the Passover Seder, today, we understand that the Afikomen, the Matzah, that is broken, wrapped in the cloth and buried as a representation of Jesus (Yeshua). 

Maggeed

 

Instruction: Leader at the table raises the plate of remaining Matzah

 

LEADER:

Matzah is the bread, which the Israelites ate in haste in the land of Egypt. Let all those who are hungry and in distress come to celebrate the Passover with us.  May the family of God, wherever they may be found, remember that Jesus (Yeshua) has redeemed and delivered us allowing us to walk a victorious life in Him.

 
 

Shema

 

LEADER:

This is the portion we call the Shema.

      • Deuteronomy 6:4 “Hear O Israel! The LORD is our God, the LORD IS ONE! 
      • Deuteronomy 6:5 “You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might.
      • Dueteronomy 6:6 “These words, which I am commanding you today, shall be on your heart.

 

When Jesus (Yeshua) was asked what the greatest commandment was, he recited the Shema. Jesus (Yeshua) continued to say we need to love Him with ALL of our heart.  Our whole heart should be full of Jesus (Yeshua) and nothing else. For we have been grafted into God’s family as His heirs, which makes us as one, “Hear O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is One (Echad)”.  As believers, we need to start living a life that represents oneness with God and our brothers and sisters in Christ Jesus (Yeshua).  We are one “BODY” and we should come together as one to worship and glorify our Savior.

 

The Four Questions

 

YOUNGEST: Instruction: Have the youngest at each table ask

 

  1. Why is this night different from all other nights where we are allowed to eat leavened or unleavened bread, but on this night, we eat only unleavened bread?

 

  1. Why is this night different from all other nights where we are allowed to eat any type of herbs, but tonight, only bitter herbs?

 

  1. Why is this night different from all other nights where we do not dip at all, but on this night, we dip twice?

 

  1. Why is this night different from all other nights where we eat sitting or reclining, but on this night, we only recline?

 

LEADER:

The answers to your questions are as follows:

 

ALL:

We were slaves in Egypt under the authority of Pharaoh. God at His appointed time brought us out of the Egyptian bondage with His outstretched arm.  We are thankful that God chose to bring us out of bondage or else we would have still lived in the bondage of the Egyptians. We celebrate Passover as a reminder that our Loving Father in Heaven at His appointed time sent His Son (our Savior), Jesus, to deliver us out of our individual Egypt (bondage). Jesus (Yeshua), our savior, chose to do the will of our Father and went to the cross to shed His blood to pay the price we owed.  Jesus chose to redeem us by His blood.

READER #1

The Matzah is a reminder that the dough did not have time to rise because the Israelites had to leave in haste.  Leaven is a symbol of sin, and we are to separate ourselves from sin, so, at this time, we choose to eat bread without leaven.

 

READER #2

The Maror reminds us of the harsh slavery (tears and toil) the Israelites faced during the Egyptian reign. It is a symbol of our own bondage to sin before we accepted our salvation in Jesus (Yeshua). Dipping twice reminds us of our salt tears and the experience of crossing the salty Red Sea.  It is a representation of our tears, having been replaced with the joy of our salvation, and reaffirms that He has delivered us from the bitter taste of sin by conquering death and the grave.

 

READER #1

Reclining is a symbol that we can eat in peace and rest in Jesus (Yeshua) knowing that we are set free from our bondage (sin).  Since we are not slaves, we are free to recline and enjoy the provision given to us as heirs in Christ Jesus.

 

The Story of the Exodus

 

LEADER:

Joseph was sold by his brothers and was found in Egypt when his brothers came for food during the great famine.  When Joseph’s brothers foretold the news to their father (Jacob), Israel came into Egypt, so they could survive through this time of famine. God caused His people to be very fruitful and made them stronger than the Egyptians.

 

After Joseph passed away, a changing of hands from one Pharaoh to another Pharaoh occurred in Egypt.  As a result, the promise made by the former Pharaoh to Joseph was forgotten.  Then God turned Pharaoh’s heart to hate the Israelites and subjected them into slavery with harsh work (Exodus 9:12 But the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh, and he did not listen to them, as the Lord had spoken to Moses).  Many years later God sent Moses to deliver His people.

 

During this time, Moses performed miracles in the land of Egypt.  He destroyed the image of other gods among the Egyptian people as well as that of the Israelites.  He killed the firstborn of those who did not believe in applying the blood to the doorpost (the God of the Israelites).  The firstborn had to be killed because Pharaoh killed the firstborn of the Israelites when Moses was saved by the out stretched hand of God.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plagues

 

LEADER:

God judged Egypt by sending plagues to them. These plagues resulted in the total defeat of Egypt’s gods by the only true God, the God of Israel.  Ten plagues were sent to Egypt, the number 10 represents testimony and “law and responsibility”.  God was working out their testimony.  The Passover Seder is a time to share our testimony of how God delivered us from our sinful state to become heirs with Christ Jesus.  It was only by the blood of the Passover Lamb, that Israel was protected from the slaying of the firstborn. This act was the final act that resulted in the Exodus of the Israelites out of Egypt.

 

Instruction: For each plague, everyone dips a finger in a glass of juice or in a spoon containing juice and sprinkles a drop on a plate

 

ALL:

Blood. Frogs. Lice. Wild Beasts. Pestilence. Boils. Hail. Locust. Darkness. Slaying of the Firstborn.

 

Dayenu

“It would have been enough for us”

 

ALL:

Dayenu!

Chorus: Da-Da-Ye-Nu, Da-Da-Ye-Nu, Da-Da-Ye-Nu, Da-Ye-Nu, Da-Ye-Nu, Da-Ye-Nu Instruction: repeat twice as you clap

 

LEADER: Instruction: Say, “It would have been enough for us”

  • If He had taken us out from Egyptian bondage.
  • But He destroyed their gods and gave us their possessions.
  • But He divided the Red Sea and brought us through on dry ground.

 

ALL:

Dayenu!

 

LEADER: Instruction: Say, “It would have been enough for us”

  • But He destroyed Pharaoh and his army in the Red Sea.

 

ALL:

Dayenu!

 

LEADER: Instruction: Say, “It would have been enough for us”

  • But He gave us the promise land.

 

ALL:

Dayenu!

LEADER: Instruction: Say, “It would have been enough for us”

  • But He gave us our redeemer, Jesus Christ (Yeshua HaMashiach).

 

ALL:

Dayenu!

 

LEADER: Instruction: Say, “It would have been enough for us”

  • But He gave us His Holy Spirit (Ruach HaKodesh).

 

ALL:

Dayenu!

LEADER: Instruction: Say, “It would have been enough for us”

  • But He promised He will return for us.

 

ALL SING:

Da-Da-Ye-Nu, Da-Da-Ye-Nu, Da-Da-Ye-Nu, Da-Ye-Nu, Da-Ye-Nu, Da-Ye-Nu (repeat twice)

 

 

The Three Symbols of Pesach (Passover)

 

LEADER:

During this time in the Seder, we again mention the three required elements of Passover:  the Passover Lamb, the unleavened bread and the bitter herbs.

 

READER #1 Instruction: Leader at the table holds up the Shank bone (Zero’a)

The shank bone (Zero’a) symbolizes the sacrifice of the Passover Lamb, whose blood was put on the doorposts of the Israelites homes to protect them from the slaying of the firstborn.  It represents Jesus (Yeshua), the Passover Lamb, who was sacrificed on our behalf and whose blood cleanses us from all sin to deliver us from death and eternity in hell.

 

READER #2 Instruction: Leader at the table holds up the Matzah

Unleavened bread symbolizes the dough not having time to rise because the Israelites left Egypt in such haste.  In addition, leaven is a symbol of sin. Paul says:

      • 1Corinthians 5:7 Clean out the old leaven so that you may be a new lump, just as you are in fact unleavened. For Christ our Passover also has been sacrificed.
      • 1Corinthians 5:8 Therefore let us celebrate the feast, not with old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

 

READER #1 Instruction: Leader at the table holds up the horseradish (Maror)

Bitter herbs (Maror) symbolize the bitterness and harshness of the slavery of the Jewish people.  It also reminds us of our bitter slavery to sin (the bondage we have to the world), the bitter cup that our Messiah drank to secure our freedom in Him.

  • Exodus 1:14 and they made their lives bitter with hard labor in mortar and bricks and at all kinds of labor in the field, all their labors which they rigorously imposed on them.

 

Hallel

Psalms of Praise

Psalm 113

 

LEADERS:

Praise ye the LORD. Praise, O ye servants of the LORD, praise the name of the LORD.

 

ALL:

Blessed be the name of the LORD from this time forth and forevermore.

 

LEADERS:

From the rising of the sun unto the going down of the same the LORD’s name is to be praised.

 

ALL:

The LORD is high above all nations, and His glory above the heavens.

 

LEADERS:

Who is like unto the LORD our God, who dwelleth on high,

 

ALL:

Who humbleth himself to behold the things that are in heaven, and in the earth!

 

LEADERS:

He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, and lifteth the needy out of the dunghill;

 

ALL:

That He may set him with princes, even with the princes of His people.

 

LEADERS:

He maketh the barren woman to keep house, and to be a joyful mother of children. Praise ye the LORD.

 

ALL SHOUT:

Halleluyah! Praise the Lord! Amen! Amen!

 

LEADER: (second cup)

The second cup symbolizes the “Cup of Deliverance”. God delivered the Israelites from the Egyptian bondage, moreover, He delivered all who believe in His Son Jesus (Yeshua) from their bondage.  As believers in Jesus (Yeshua), we are delivered from our bondage, sanctified (set apart) by His blood.

 

Instruction: All raise the second cup and recline to the left

 

LEADER:

Baruch Atah Adonai, Elohenu Melech Ha-Ohlahm, Bo-Ray, P’Ree Ha-Ga-Fen.

Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the Universe, who creates the fruit of the vine.

Instruction: All drink from the second cup

 

Rachatz

 

LEADER:

In preparation for the meal, we again wash our hands and recite the blessing.

 

Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the Universe, who hast sanctified us by the
Blood of Jesus (Yeshua) and commanded us concerning the washing of hands.

Instruction: All pour a small amount of water over their hands to wash

 

Motzee Matzah

Instruction: Leader at the table holds up the three Matzah, which the number three symbolizes unity

 

LEADER:

Baruch Atah Adonai, Elohenu, Melech Ha-Ohlahm, Ha-Motzi Lechem Min Ha’Aretz

 

ALL:

Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the Universe, who brings forth bread from the earth. 

 

Instruction: Leader at the table passes the Matzah for each person to break-off a portion for the blessing

 

LEADER:

Baruch Atah Adonai, Elohenu Melech Ha-Ohlahm, Asher Kidshanu Va-Dom Shel Ha Mashiach, Vizi-Vanu Al A-Chee-Lat Matzah.

 

ALL:

Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the Universe, who sanctified us by the blood of the Messiah and commanded us concerning the eating of unleavened bread. 

 

Instruction: Partake of the Matzah together

 

Maror

Instruction: The leader at the table again passes the Matzah for all to break-off a small portion and add some bitter herbs (horseradish) to the Matzah

 

LEADER:

The bitter herb (Maror) reminds us of the bitterness of the slavery that the Israelites suffered under the hand of Egyptian rule.  In addition, it symbolizes the harsh slavery to sin before Jesus (Yeshua) sanctified us by taking upon Himself our sins on the cross of Calvary. As we partake of the bitter herbs, we need to remember the pain and suffering that our Messiah, Jesus Christ, took upon Himself to pay the ultimate price that He did not owe. The tears and pain of the bitter herbs that we are consuming, should remind us of the pain Jesus endured for “ALL” of us. 

LEADER:

Baruch Atah Adonai, Elohenu Melech Ha-Ohlahm, Asher Kid-Shanu Va Dom Shel Ha Mashiach, Vitz-Vanu Al A-Chee Lat Maw-Ror.

 

ALL:

Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the Universe, who sanctified us by the blood of Jesus (Yeshua) and commanded us concerning the eating of the bitter herbs.

 

Instruction: Partake of the Maror

 

Korech

Instruction: Leader at the table now passes the remaining Matzah.  Everyone will place bitter herbs and Charoset between two pieces of Matzah in sandwich fashion

 

LEADER:

The bitter herb (Maror) symbolizes the harsh slavery (bondage) of sin. The salt water symbolizes the tears of the hard toil and sufferings at the hand of the Egyptians and our sins.  The parsley (Karpos) symbolizes the hyssop used to apply the blood upon the post and lentil of the door of the Israelites homes. Moreover, it represents the applying of the blood of Jesus upon our lives.  The juice symbolizes the plagues and the blood.

 

Similarly, the Charoset also symbolizes the clay bricks, which the Israelites made in Egypt, and it is a symbol of the sweetness of God’s redemption in Jesus (Yeshua).

 

Now, as we eat the bitter herbs, combined with the Charoset, we are to recall the bitterness of sin in the horseradish, as the sweetness of the Charoset symbolizes the redemption in Jesus (Yeshua) from sin.

 

LEADER:

Baruch Atah Adonai, Elohenu Melech Ha-Ohlahm, Asher Kid-Shanu Va-Dom Shel Ha Mashiach, Vitzi-Vanu Al A-Chee Lat Maw-Ror.

ALL:

Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the Universe, who sanctified us by the blood of Messiah and has commanded us to eat the bitter herbs.

 

Instruction: All eat the bitter herbs and Charoset together

 

 

_____________________________________________________________________________

 

This concludes the first portion of the Seder.  Dinner is served. Please follow your hostess’ instructions and be prepared for part two of the Seder.

 

 

 

The Finding of the Afikomen

 

Instruction: The youngest at the table searches for the Afikomen

Instruction: The Leader gives the child a gift

 

LEADER:

The Leader will give each of the children a gift (usually a dollar bill). Jesus (Yeshua) also gave us a gift.

 

      • Acts 2:38 Peter said to them, “Repent, and each of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins; and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.

 

The Lord’s Supper

Communion (third cup)

 

      • John 6:51 “I am the living bread that came down out of heaven; if anyone eats of this bread, he will live forever; and the bread also which I will give for the life of the world is My flesh.”

 

LEADER:

The Lord’s Supper is the covenant meal. Like the last supper, Jesus (Yeshua) took the Afikomen (bread) and said, “Take, eat, this is My Body”.

 

      • Matthew 26:26 While they were eating, Jesus took some bread, and after a blessing, He broke it and gave it to the disciples, and said, “Take, eat; this is My body.”

 

Following, He took the third cup, the Cup of Redemption and said, “This cup which is poured out for you is the new covenant in My blood.”

 

      • Luke 22:20 And in the same way He took the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup which is poured out for you is the new covenant in My blood.”

 

Instruction: Leader at the table passes the Afikomen (Matzah) for all to break-off a piece

 

LEADER:

The Lord’s Supper is where Jesus (Yeshua) taught the disciples how to partake of communion.  Communion is a time of remembrance and coming together as one with God.  We learned earlier in the Shema, God is one (Echad).  When we partake and eat of His body and partake of His cup, we become one (Echad) with God.

 

      • 1Cor. 11:23 For I received from the Lord that which I also delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus in the night in which He was betrayed took bread;
      • 1Cor. 11:24 and when He had given thanks, He broke it, and said, “This is My body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of me.”
      • 1Cor. 11:25 In the same way He took the cup also after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My blood; do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me.”
      • 1Cor. 11:26 For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until He comes.
      • 1Cor. 11:27 Therefore whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner, will be guilty of the body and the blood of the Lord.
      • 1Cor. 11:28 But a man must examine himself, and in so doing he is to eat of the bread and drink of the cup.
      • 1Cor. 11:29 For he who eats and drinks, eats and drinks judgment to himself if he does not judge the body rightly.
      • 1Cor. 11:30 For this reason many among you are weak and sick, and a number sleep.
      • 1Cor. 11:31 But if we judged ourselves rightly, we would not be judged.

 

Instruction: Let us now take time to search our hearts and repent (Teshuva) from all of our sins (Leaven)

 

LEADER:

Partaking of the cup symbolizes our participation in the marriage covenant (Ketubah), in which God (groom) symbolized His pledge by sharing a cup of juice with His bride.

 

      • Colossians 1:27 to whom God willed to make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles, which is Christ in you, the hope of glory.

 

Instruction: Everyone partakes of the bread and juice


The Cup of Elijah (fourth cup)

 

LEADER:

This place setting here, represented by the empty chair and the special cup, is called the place of Elijah.  It is tradition, to open the door and invite the spirit of Elijah in preparation for the coming of Messiah.  God foretold the coming of the Spirit of Elijah before Jesus’ (Yeshua’s) return.

 

      • Malachi 4:5 “Behold, I am going to send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and terrible day of the LORD.
      • Malachi 4:6 “He will restore the hearts of fathers to their children and the hearts of the children to their fathers, so that I will not come and smite the land with a curse.”
      • Luke 1:17 “It is he who will go as a forerunner before Him in the spirit and power of Elijah, TO TURN THE HEARTS OF THE FATHERS BACK TO THE CHILDREN, AND THE DISOBEDIENT TO THE ATTITUDE OF THE RIGHTEOUS, so as to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.”

 

 

 

 

John the Baptist was the forerunner for Jesus, who was to come.  He continued to announce, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near”, as he was proclaiming the coming of Jesus (Yeshua) our Lord and Savior.  John the Baptist had to baptize Jesus, not for any sins, for Jesus was without sin, but for the baptism of the Holy Spirit upon Him.  The works of Jesus did not start until the Holy Spirit was upon Him.  Throughout Jesus’ ministry, He continually shared the fact that He had to go to Heaven to be with our Father, in order for the Comforter to come. 

 

Just as the Holy Spirit was upon Jesus, we have to receive the Holy Spirit (the Spirit of God) to empower and guide our lives.  This is why Jesus said, we would be able to do greater works. This is a result of the indwelling of Holy Spirit within us.  We as believers need to open our hearts to allow Holy Spirit to inhabit and have control over our lives. God wants to send us out to be His light, so that others may be drawn to Jesus to receive their “FREE” gift, of salvation (eternal life).  For this reason, we invite Holy Spirit into our lives so that Jesus (Yeshua) and our Father in Heaven may be glorified through us. 

 

Instruction: Youngest opens the door to welcome the Spirit and power of Elijah

 

ALL:

We will now open the door and invite the Spirit and power of Elijah to come upon us, the sons of the prophets, so that we might become a people prepared for the Lord’s coming.

 

LEADER:

Baruch Atah Adonai, Elohenu Melech Ha-Ohlahn, Bo-Ray P’Ree Ha-Gafen

 

ALL:

Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the Universe, who creates the fruit of the vine.

 

LEADER:

      • Psalm 116:13 I shall lift up the cup of salvation and call upon the name of the LORD.

 

Partake of the Cup of Elijah, which is the last cup, the Cup of Restoration, the restoration of all things. 

 

Instruction: Everyone drinks of the Cup of Elijah

 

LEADER:

We have now completed our Seder.  As we are commanded, we have told the story of God’s deliverance and redemption in Jesus (Yeshua).

 

ALL:

See you next year in Jerusalem or at PEAK Worship!